Table of Contents

My other websites:  Boys without Fathers       Subcortical Brain     
Early Behavior      Brain of the Tiger Salamander   Herrick Update   
My Dysfunctional Family .
    
The Introduction includes a sporadically updated blog on where I'm currently focusing most of my attention.  

Introduction   
Historical Background & Free Book  
Internet Resources
     Pending Resources

In the Beginning  
    Montmorillonite        
    The Origin of Life  

    Timeline of Evolution  

Single-Celled Ancient Ancestors

Protobionts
   Last Universal (Common) Ancestor
   Viruses  

Prokaryotes - no nucleus
   Prokaryote Colonies  

Mitochondria
     Succinate dehydrogenase

Eukaryotes - has nucleus
   Eukaryote Colonies
      Slime Molds  


                       Multi-Celled Ancient Ancestors

Neoproterozoic  

Metazoa  

Ediacaran Period    
    
Ediacaran Genomics   

Parazoa  
   
Parazoa Hormones
   
Porifera    
Placozoa

Pre-Bilateria Locomotion  

Cambrian Explosion

Coelenterata  
    Coelenterata Hormones  
   
Coelenterata Neuropeptides   

Bilateria
   Bilateria Locomotion

Protostome - most "primitive" animals
   Flat Worms

Deuterostomes - us and a few others  
    Sea Urchin   

Chordates
    Hemichordates    
       
Hemichordate Hormones    
        Hemichordate Larva (Tornaria)


Protochordates    

    Tunicates  
   
   
Protochordate Hormones   
       
Protochordate Neurotransmitters  
       
Protochordate Receptors   
       
Protochordate Genomics   

    Cephalochordate    See:  Amphioxus

     



Receptors,  Hormones , Neurotransmitters,  Neuromodulators 

Membrane Interface  
     Cholesterol    
     Cholesterol Synthesis    
     

Transmembrane Transport in General  

    Passive Lipid Diffusion  

Steroids  
    Intracellular Receptors  
        Steroid Actions
        Glucocorticoids
        Mitochrondrial Steroids  
   
Androgens      
        Testosterone       
            Testosterone Accumbens    
            Criminal Testosterone   
   
        Testosterone Receptor
              Testosterone Transcription Factor  
     Estrogen    
         Estrogen Receptor    

     
    Facilitated Diffusion      

       Ion Channels
         Voltage Gated Ion Channels
            Other Non-ligand-gated Ion Channels
     Ligand-gated Ion Channel     
     Glutamate        
       Glutamate Gate    
        GABA   
       GABA Gate
            GABAA Receptor Evolution   
       Serotonin Gate (5-HT3R)
       Acetylcholine Gate
   ABC Transporter

Transmembrane Transport Evolution
    Prokaryote Transmembrane Transport    
    Eukaryotic Transmembrane Transport

Transmembrane Signaling in General
 
    G-Protein Coupled Receptors    
         Gq Protein    
        Glutamate Metabotropic Receptor        
        GABA   
        GABA Metabotropic Receptor
        Serotonin Metabotropic Receptor
     Serotonin Transporter
        Acetylcholine Metabotropic Receptor
        Neuropeptide Receptor
        Melatonin Receptor
        Arrestin & Rhodopsin Receptors
       Serotonin Receptor Evolution  

Enzymes
 
   Coenzyme A   
    Enzyme-linked Receptors      
    CYP450 Enzymes   

Transmembrane Signaling Evolution
    Prokaryote Transmembrane Signaling
       Methyl-accepting Chemotaxis Proteins

    Eukaryotic Transmembrane Signaling

    Parazoa Receptors
    Coelenterata Receptors
    Hemichordate Receptors
    Protochordate Receptors  

Hormones in General
Evolution of Hormones
    Parazoa Hormones
    Coelenterata Hormones
    Hemichordate Hormones
    Protochordate Hormones

Nerves in General
    Parazoa Nerves
    Coelenterata Nerves
        Coelenterata Hormone-Nerve Interaction
    Protostome Nerves
    Deuterostome Nerves
    Hemichordate Nerves  
    Motor Nerve Organization    
    Neuroethology      
Neuropeptides   
    Oxytocin  
     Vasopressin   
    Coelenterata Neuropeptides

Neuromodulators in General

Neurotransmitters in General
    Coelenterata Neurotransmitters
    Protostome Neurotransmitters
    Deuterostome Neurotransmitters
    Hemichordate Neurotransmitters
    Protochordate Neurotransmitters
    Neurotransmitter Evolution    

Neuromodulators vs Neurotransmitters       

Genetics in General
Genomics in General
    Genomic Analysis
    Ediacaran Genomics
    Parazoa Genomics
    Coelenterata Genomics
    Deuterostome Genomics
    Hemichordate Genomics
    Protochordate Genomics


                The Amphioxus

Amphioxus
    Amphioxus Life Cycle
    Amphioxus Behavior  
    Amphioxus PDFs    
    Amphioxus Authors   

Amphioxus Hormones
    Endostyle = Thyroid    

    Amphioxus Gut Hormones
    Lamellar Body = Pineal Gland
    Amphioxus Pituitary
    Amphioxus Gonads
    Amphioxus Stress Hormones    
    Amphioxus Oxytocin    
     Amphioxus Insulin   
         Insulin-like Growth Factor   

Amphioxus Receptors    
 Amphioxus Neuropeptides
Amphioxus Neurotransmitters      
     Amphioxus Dopamine        
    Amphioxus Glutamate        
     Amphioxus GABA    
    Amphioxus Acetylcholine        
     Amphioxus Serotonin      
    Reverse Engineering Amphioxus Serotonin

Amphioxus Nervous System
    Anterior Cerebral Vesicle

Amphioxus Sensory Nerves
    Amphioxus Touch
    Amphioxus Smell
    Amphioxus Taste
    Amphioxus Gut Nerves
    Frontal Eye
    Lamellar Body = Pineal Eye
    Amphioxus Hearing
    Amphioxus Balance Organ
    Amphioxus Tectum

Amphioxus Motor Nerves
   Ventral Motor Neurons
   Dorsal Motor Neurons
   Primary Motor Center

Amphioxus Hormone-Nerve Interaction  
Amphioxus Muscles     
    Myomere    
     Myoseptum    
Amphioxus Fast-Slow Twitch   
Amphioxus Locomotion
Amphioxus Asymmetry  
Amphioxus Feeding & Respiration   
Amphioxus Evolution
Amphioxus Genomics  
Amphioxus Development    
 

               Children of the Amphioxus


Dominance Hierarchies in General
   Endocrinology of Dominance  

Vertebrates   

Anamniotes    

Amniote    

Fish

Agnatha

Lamprey
   Lamprey Receptors
   Lamprey Genomics
   Lamprey Hormones
   Lamprey Cortisol, etc.
   Lamprey Dominance Hierarchies

Lamprey Nervous System
   Lamprey Neuromodulators
    Lamprey Neuropeptides
   Lamprey Neurotransmitters  
        Lamprey Acetylcholine    
        Lamprey Dopamine       
        Lamprey GABA     
         Lamprey Glutamate      
        Lamprey Serotonin    
       Comparing Amphioxus and Lamprey Serotonin   

    Lamprey Sensory Nerves
    Lamprey Motor Nerves  
    Lamprey Rhombencephalon
    Lamprey Striatum      
    Lamprey Thalamus    
    Lamprey Nucleus Accumbens
   Lamprey Asymmetry

Lamprey Muscles       
     Lamprey Fast-Slow Twitch   
    Lamprey Locomotion     
    Lamprey Feeding & Respiration   

Predatory Behavior    

Gnathostomes

Indirect Serotonin Pathway

Sharks & Rays
    Shark Hormones     
     Shark Muscles    
    Shark Dominance Hierarchies

Osteichthyes (Bony Fish)

Teleosts
    Teleost Hormones  
    Teleost Serotonin
    Teleost Cortisol  
    Teleost Muscles    
    Teleost Dominance Hierarchies  
    Teleost Prey Catching      

Coelacanth

Lungfish
    Lungfish Dominance Hierarchies

Permian Discontinuity
   Amphibians
       Labyrinthodonts  
    Amniote    
   Reptiles
     Sauropsids
   Mammals
     Therapsids

Salamander    
    Brain of the Tiger Salamander
    Salamander Brain Diagram    
    Salamander Neurotransmitters    
         Salamander Acetylcholine          
         Salamander Dopamine       
         Salamander GABA       
         Salamander Glutamate       
         Salamander Serotonin       

Salamander Hormones   

Salamander Dominance Hierarchies     

Amphibian Muscles   

Mammals    
     Mammalian Muscles   
   
Monotremes  
    Monotreme Dominance Hierarchies

Marsupials
   Marsupial Dominance Hierarchies

Rodents
   Rodent 5-HT1R
   Rodent 5-HT3R
    Rodent Serotonin & Aggression
   Rodent Testosterone
   Rodent Nonapeptides
   Rodent Glucocorticoid-Testosterone Interaction
    Rodent Glucocorticoid-Serotonin Interaction
   Rodent Testosterone 5-HT Interaction
   Testosterone Serotonin Interaction
   Rodent AVP, 5-HT and Aggression
   Vasopressin, Serotonin & Aggression
   Rodent Hormone-Nerve Interaction
    Rodent Dominance Hierarchies

Primates
    Primate Dominance Hierarchies
    Primate Serotonin
    Primate Cortisol & Testosterone

Humans  
   Human Endocrinology in General
   Human Reproductive Endocrinology
   Human Cortisol, etc.
   Human Testosterone
    Human AVP
    Human Testosterone + Serotonin

Human Neurotransmitters
   Human Serotonin

Neuroscience
    Human Neuroanatomy
        Nucleus Accumbens Septi    
             Accumbens Input    
         Human Amygdala
        Human Hippocampus
        Human Basal Ganglia  
        Cerebellum   

Neuropsychology
    Boys without Fathers
   Subcortical Brain  
    Pleasure    
   Nociception (Pain)  
   Human Dominance Hierarchies
   Human Asymmetry    
         Corpus Callosum    
   Music
   Stress    

Human Muscles   
    Muscle Innervation  
     Fast vs. Slow Twitch Muscles    
    Medial Motor Column    
    Corticospinal Tract  
    Extrapyramidal System  
         Wikipedia Extrapyramidal Revision
         Red Nucleus    
             Red Nucleus Iron    
             Heme     
             Globin   
             Myoglobin    
                Myoglobin Evolution   
            Red Nucleus Evolution   
             Red Nucleus Cerebellum    
             Wikipedia Red Nucleus Revision    

    Motor Nerve Organization     
    Motor Neuron Evolution            
    Motor Neuron Disease   

Humans as Animals

Psychology Books

Online Psychology Compilations

Online Self-Help

Fig Stor 1

Fig Stor 2

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My Dysfunctional Family  

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