Human Neuroanatomy

Cross references:  Neuroscience   Subcortical Brain   Human Basal Ganglia   
Human Nucleus Accumbens
Human Amygdala   Human Hippocampus
Human Asymmetry   Human Muscles   Muscle Innervation  
Nociception (Pain)
Humans as Animals   Brain of the Tiger Salamander  
Lamprey Nervous System   Amphioxus Nervous System     Dictionary

    First, a word of warning.  Neuroanatomy is extremely difficult.  The various parts of the brain are all jammed together, and it takes time before you begin to be comfortable with how they're all related to each other.  So, if you're just starting, relax.  It's going to take a while.  Allow yourself to just browse through the images.  You won't understand them at first, but, little by little, they'll begin to seep into your memory.  It took three years of intensive study before I began to feel that I had some idea of how it's all put together. 

Online Neuroanatomy Class:  MIT 9.14 Brain Structure and its Origins .  
his course has a complete set of audio files for all of the lectures accompanied by an excellent set of lecture notes which include the visual slides which accompanied the lecture.  Listening to the audio while following along with the slides is almost as good as attending the lecture itself.  The course has 10 textbooks.  Unfortunately, they tend to be quite expensive. 

Brain from Top to Bottom (BTtB)    
     This excellent website covers 11 major topics, from five different viewpoints (social, psychological, neurological, cellular and molecular) on three different levels of difficulty.  Click on a topic that interests you and then accept the opportunity to see it from five different view points.  You'll probably want to start at the 'Beginner' level of difficulty, but as you learn more you can increase the difficulty level.   I can't recommend this highly enough. 

Salamon's Neuroanatomy and Neurovasculature Web-Atlas Resource  (Goog) 
     Clear, well labeled diagrams and informative text.  
This is a much larger site than I originally realized.  Click on 

Neuroanatomy Tutorial - MIT 9.97   
     Photographs of actual brain slices seen from different directions.  Each picture is accompanied by a list of parts, and when you click on the part, an arrow points to it in the picture.  Highly recommended. 

    Enormous amount of material.  It's interactive, so look around.   

Free Neuroanatomy Books Download (Goog) 

Coronal and Horizontal Sections 
    Very good labeled pictures. 

Neuroanatomy Coursebook
    Another newly discovered resource.

The Digital Anatomist Project (Goog) 
    Very good labeled diagrams with excellent text. 

The Human Nervous System      
    Brief, but well written with good diagrams. 

Comparative Neuroanatomy (OD)
     Somewhat simplified.  Good for beginners. 

Whole Brain Atlas (OD)  
    Some well labeled diagrams, but not well organized. 

Brain Info - neuroanatomy (OD)
    Good pictures, but no labels. 

Hard Copy Books   

Carpenter, M.B. and Sutin, J. (1983). Human Neuroanatomy, 8th Ed. Baltimore. Williams & Wilkins. p. 704-705. 

Historical Background & Free Book    

Fundamental Neuroscience: Zigmond et al. 
This book is huge, 1,600 pages.  Although it doesn't have anything on endocrinology or evolution, both of which are very important to me, it's quite inexpensive, it covers the entire nervous system in great detail, and, since it was published in 1999, it's still quite up to date.  If you're going to buy just one book on neurology or neuroanatomy, it should be this one. 

Evolving Brains:  Allman 

I was fortunate enough to find this rather expensive book in the library, and I enjoyed it very much.  It's short, non technical, and it gives an extremely good picture of evolution, both in general and of our brains in particular.  Highly recommended if you don't have to pay for it or if you're really interested in evolution. 

Human Neuroanatomy - CotA
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